14 In Mindful Parenting/ Parenting Solutions

3 Simple Steps to Positive Discipline: Are you Reacting or Responding to Your Child?

kids emotional intelligence

Inside: Positive parenting doesn’t have to be difficult. Learn how to use positive discipline techniques in three easy steps and learn to act, not REact to your child.

I fed the puppy. She had gone to her first “puppy class” that day and was extra hungry. Literally dancing for her food. At the exact moment that I put down her bowl, my son came racing into the room with his loudest truck, straight towards the puppy, scaring her and making her gulp her food.

Even when he saw this reaction, he continued. I asked him to stop. I asked him again and again. Then, in a moment I’m not proud of, I walked right up to him and said STOP very loudly and close to his ear.

It worked. He stopped. But he was also upset, surprised, and hurt. “Why did you yell in my ear, Mama?” he said through tears. And then I felt awful. Why did I do that, I asked myself? I’ll tell you why, because I was tired, stressed, making dinner, hungry, — you name it — and my fuse was short.

Positive Discipline

I was grumpy mama. Grumpy mama comes around when life gets busy and I haven’t had any time to refuel my introverted tank. It had been a stressful patch and I was completely spent.

Here’s the thing. No one is perfect.

Not even me with my Ph.D. in Child Development — actually I am far from perfect, believe me! And I know the positive parenting strategies, I know what’s effective, I know which practices research supports.

It is one thing to know what to do and a whole other thing to be able to BE that person, even when the chips are down. It takes practice, patience, and personal growth. We are all a work in progress.

Parenthood is a developmental journey all on its own. In fact, it’s one of the toughest growth periods we will go through. Our kids push us like no other person can. We grow and learn right alongside them. We need tools, prompts, reminders, and inspiration to help us grow. To help us BE that person.

Related: Five Steps to Calm and Centered Even When Your Child is Out of Control

I needed one end all, be all go-to strategy that incorporated the positive discipline methods that I knew had worked with my son and that science supports. Something easy to remember, something that could become a habit, something I could easily relay to my husband so our discipline could be consistent, caring, and effective.

This is what I came up with to get rid of grumpy mama and get back to the positive, playful Mom that I strive to be.

Note: This post was shared in this Slate.com article on how to respond to children’s negative emotions, by Melinda Moyer.

A.C.T. (Acknowledge, Connect, Teach) instead of React: The Definitive 3-Step Guide to Positive Parenting

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1. Acknowledge

The first step in changing your child’s behavior is to be empathetic with what they are going through. To do that in a concrete way, we first Acknowledge what they are feeling. This is a keystone of positive parenting.

Get eye level with them and ask how they are feeling or recognize what their real goal is or what it is they are wanting to do. With younger children, you can name the emotion for them.

Examples of Positive Discipline: Acknowledging Feelings

“I see you are trying to get a reaction from the puppy with your truck. Are you wanting to play with her?”

“I see you are being rough with your friend on the playground. Are you feeling really frustrated?”

“I see you are upset that it is time to go. Are you feeling sad about leaving?”

Listen to their response and then empathize with them. You can say things like, “that is hard”, “that is upsetting”, “that is sad” or “I’ve felt like that before too.”

Acknowledging children’s emotions helps them understand emotion and leads to better empathy and prosocial behaviors, especially in boys. Talking about emotions is also associated with more sharing and helping behaviors in toddlers. 

When you start this conversation about emotions you are listening to their hearts. In response, they will feel like it is safe to express those emotions to you. Coaching your child through their emotions will help them build the foundation for emotional intelligence and regulation.

2. Connect

After you Acknowledge their feelings, it is time to physically connect with them and give their emotions a place to go. Connecting with your children first, before correcting the behavior or asking them to change the behavior, will make it much more likely they will cooperate.

positive parenting

The key is to show them that you accept them, even when they have big emotions. You do not need to accept their behavior, but we get to that in the third step. You do need to help them manage those big emotions, this acceptance is a key component of positive parenting.

Examples of Positive Discipline: Connecting With Your Child

While rubbing your child’s back: “It is hard to wait. I think it is hard to wait sometimes too.” (Here you are empathizing, normalizing the emotion, and physically connecting– “I’m here with you”).

“You are really frustrated. Would you like to stomp like a dinosaur? How about a hug?” (Here you are offering a physical way to release frustration and a physical connection).

“You are upset that we have to go, would you like a hug?” (Here you are diffusing their emotion through a stress-relieving hug).

Hugs can be powerful. They have been found to buffer against stress, especially hugs from mom.

This strategy AMAZED me when my son was younger and had tantrums. I didn’t expect this to work, but more often than not, after offering him a hug, his tension melted into tears in my arms and the tantrum was over. 

Connection alone will sometimes bring kids out of a tantrum. Already, through these two steps, you have heard your child and connected with them in their moment of emotional turmoil.

This is also helping them learn to manage their reactions. You have diffused their stress and brought them back to a more calm state.

Connection sometimes becomes harder as kids grow up. I cover this topic of staying connected in my post about positive parenting and teens.

Acknowledge and Connect are often happening at the same time. As you acknowledge your child, you also give them an outlet for that emotion through you. You help them channel that emotion. 

You are a conduit for them to develop better executive function and as you do that, you are helping to strengthen those tenuous connections in their immature brain.

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Now that your child has been acknowledged and is feeling connected to you, this is the time that you can teach them what they can do next time. This is why this method of positive discipline is effective — you give your child the tools to know what to do.

The original meaning of the word discipline comes from the Latin disciplina, meaning “teaching, learning” and is related to the word disciple. As parents then we are teachers. To get your child to change their behavior is all about presenting it in a way that empowers your child to want to change — this is positive discipline.

kids emotional intelligence

When children feel empowered they will be internally motivated to change their behavior instead of you externally controlling their behavior through threats and fear (which, spoiler alert, doesn’t work). Additionally, when your child is in a reactive state themselves, lecturing won’t help either. Negotiating and reasoning are the top two effective discipline strategies for most situations, according to research.

How children act out changes with age. From about the age of 18 months to 5 years, direct defiance decreases, but simple refusal and negotiation increase with age. 5-year-olds who used negotiation more often, as opposed to defiance or refusal, were less likely to develop psychological behavior problems, like externalizing disorder.

Negotiation and reasoning — giving some choices, compromising while still setting limits, teaching while empowering, is both effective in the moment and is good for your child’s overall development in the long-term.

Examples of Positive Discipline: Teach through Negotiation

“We need to go, we had so much fun! Chose one last thing to do and we’ll go. Let’s stay longer next time. Next time I’ll give you an extra warning so you know it’s time to leave and I’ll make sure we get there a little early so you have more time to play. What will you do next time when it is time to leave? What is our new good habit? We will choose one last thing to do!”

Examples of Positive Discipline: Teach through Reasoning

“What do you think would happen if we were always really loud around the puppy when she was eating? What if someone scared you when you were eating?” My son “Maybe she would stop eating.” “Yes, and then she would get sick, right?” My son “Yes, I don’t want her to get sick.” “No you don’t, I know you don’t, but now we know what to do when she’s eating don’t we? And you’ll remember that next time. You will be the person to make sure everything is calm when she eats. That can be your job!” 

Examples of Positive Discipline: Teach through Taking a Break

“We cannot push and shove on the playground, even when we are frustrated. What can we do with our frustration? Can we stomp our feet? Wave our arms? Throw away our angry ball? Let’s take a break together over here until we feel better.”

Sometimes Acknowledge, Connect, and Teach will happen in quick succession.

Let’s say your child is hitting another child on the playground. You walk over and firmly grab their hands, stopping the behavior (Connect) while at the same time you say “I can see you are angry,” (Acknowledge) followed by Teach, “It is okay to be angry and stomp like a dinosaur, but it is not okay to hit. Let’s take a break on the bench together.”

Then go on to the next thing and hard as it might be as a parent, let go of that interaction. Recenter, find your breath and let it go.

Kids are good at this, we, on the other hand, are not. We linger on difficult interactions. For me, I think I linger because I question how I handled it. With A.C.T., you’ll have more confidence in your actions and that will help you stay calm yourself and cool that inner critic.

When you think about discipline proactively you’ll find that these moments become the foundation for the social and emotional tools your child will use for life. When you ACT instead of REacting to your child you are helping them problem solve — you don’t have to change their behavior for them or control them, you have to understand them and help them handle those big emotions.

BONUS: Get your free printable, color yourself bookmark reminders to ACT and not REact!! Click here.

positive parenting


The One Thing To Always Say When Disciplining Your Child

The Secret to Your Two-Year-Old’s Heart (and gaining their cooperation!)

Positive Parenting: The Ultimate Beginners Guide to Happier Family

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  • Jasmin A Swift
    June 12, 2016 at 12:15 am

    Thank you Ashley, especially for the last part about letting go of the interaction. It is so hard to do when you are still processing things, trying to justify the way you handled things…

    • Ashley Soderlund Ph.D.
      June 13, 2016 at 10:58 am

      Exactly– that’s my issue as well. I dwell on it. Best to let it go and have a plan for next time!

  • Jenn
    June 18, 2016 at 1:13 pm

    With an older child (7yo) what do tou do when they deny what you are trying to acknowledge as their feelings? And refuse to connect so you can get to the teaching?

    • Ashley Soderlund Ph.D.
      June 20, 2016 at 9:20 pm

      Great question, Jenn. If they say to you, “you don’t understand me!” — try thinking of a similar situation that you have experienced. For example, if someone hurt their feelings at school, you could say something along the lines of – “once my friends didn’t invite me to their lunch date and I felt left out.” They might say, what did you do? And you can say that whatever you did – like you talked to your friend afterwards and told them how you felt, for example.

      Connection with a 7-year-old, may be more verbal. Take the above example – even if you friends hurt your feelings, you know you can always count on me. I’m always here to listen or give you a hug.

      Another thing with a 7-year-old may be actually telling them that while you may not agree with their behavior, you can understand why they might feel how they do. Then give an example of how you have felt that way. “I may not agree with how you handled this situation, but I can understand that you were feeling frustrated and that’s why you did that. Let’s talk about another way to handle that situation.”

      Email me if you have more questions!

  • Tiffany
    June 23, 2016 at 7:54 pm

    Thank you for this article. Love the acronym! Love the last bit “you don’t have to change their behavior for them or control them, you have to understand them and help them handle those big emotions.” that is so true. Thank you!

    • Ashley Soderlund Ph.D.
      June 24, 2016 at 11:05 am

      Thank you Tiffany! I am so glad to hear that. It makes my day!

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  • Dina Chase
    September 8, 2016 at 8:06 pm

    May be we are to busy or stressed a bit , therefore without our knowledge we tend to react. This ahppens most of the time . Thanks for making aware…..

  • Gill
    October 12, 2016 at 6:35 am

    This article really helps to give perspective on dealing with these difficult situations – especially with all the examples you’ve included. The way you’ve presented it, the ACT method feels workable – even in the heat of the moment, which is, of course, when it’s vital!

    As you say, all three elements naturally happen in quick succession, sometimes even simultaneously (so may there be the occasional appearance of a CAT?!). These excellent strategies have wider applications too: I’m now inspired to see if I can remember to ACT in certain adult interchanges (with a little judicious modification here and there). Thank you!

    • Ashley Soderlund Ph.D.
      October 13, 2016 at 10:13 am

      I’m so glad is resonated with you! Thank you for your comment. And yes, the challenge is remembering even in the heat of the moment — that’s my challenge as well!

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  • Dina
    January 22, 2017 at 5:39 am

    I really appreciate your articles. As I was reading “A 3-Step System for Positive Discipline”, I was not sure to what level do you keep calm. Sometimes, when I use the (connect+teach) startegy, my 7 years old tries to manipulate the situation and blame other persons or things than herself.

    • Ashley Soderlund Ph.D.
      January 22, 2017 at 7:36 am

      Thank you for your comment! So, in my article, How to be a Calm Parent, steps 1, reframing and 2, centering happens before you engage in discipline. Step 3, have good tools is where this article comes in and you start the three steps of positive discipline.

      In reality, it happens rather fast. So, step 1, reframing, involves observing your daughter. Why does she feel the need to blame others? Is she anxious about the outcome of discipline? I often tell my son, “it’s okay to make mistakes and we can learn from those, but if you lie about it I can’t help you.” I also show him I’m not mad, just helping him with his behavior and emotions. Come at it from a “I’m helping you learn about behavior and how to get along with others,” or whatever best fits the situation.

      This book is also great and may give you more ideas for 7 year olds, (aff limk): How to Talk so that Kids Will Listen and Listen so that Kids will Talk.

      I hope this helps!

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